Transesterification Catalyzed by Superhydrophobic–Oleophilic Mesoporous Polymeric Solid Acids: An Efficient Route for Production of Biodiesel

We report here an efficient mesoporous polymeric solid acid catalyst (p-PDVB-SO3H) with superhydrophobic– oleophilic properties synthesized from copolymerization of divinylbenzene (DVB) with sodium p-styrene sulfonate under solvothermal conditions. N2 isotherm showed that p-PDVBSO3H has large BET surface area and uniform mesopore. Contact angle tests showed that p-PDVB-SO3H exhibits superhydrophobic–oleophilic property for triolein and methanol, which results in its good miscibility and high exposition degree of active sites for various organic reactants. Catalytic tests showed that p-PDVB-SO3H has much better catalytic activities and recyclability toward transesterification to biodiesel than those of H-form mesoporous ZMS-5 zeolite, carbon solid acid and commercially acidic resin of Amberlyst 15, which will be very important for its wide applications for biodiesel production in industry.